Will Education Help In Conservation Of Natural Resources ?
We know that the population of our planet is increasing at an alarming rate and soon it will reach the 10 billion mark. For the survival of the people we need the natural resources. The demand for food and energy will be more year after year. So, it is necessary for the conservation groups to adopt necessary strategy to conserve the natural resources. According to the available data and lessons learned from the work of conservation groups including nature conservancy, it is clear that education is the best strategy for conservation, especially educating the young women from the developing countries of the world.
It will be difficult for most conservationists accept the fact that education can aid in conservation. The nature conservancy’s Africa program tried to conserve a vast forest area on the western boundary of Tanzania. This area contained the Mahale Mountain National Park. This area had a good population of wild animals including elephants, chimpanzees etc. The project area also covered a great portion of Lake Tanganyika which is famous for the biodiversity. Most of the people in this area were dependent on farming and fishing and hence there were complex land and water conservation issues. A survey conducted on 50, 000 people in the area, on the socioeconomic issues showed that about 49 % of the population were under 15 years of age and the average household size was 6.7 which is highest in the world. The under –age-five mortality was highest here.
The Case Of South Korea
South Korea was able to alter its demographic profile dramatically through certain strategies. In 1960, half of South Korea’s population was under the age of 15 and the number of children per woman was 6.3. Similar situation prevailed in most of the developing countries. Within 30 years South Korea’s demographic structure changed. Instead of having youth-heavy population pyramid it changed into the sustainable tear drop structure. Other countries like Morocco, Bangladesh, and Colombia also showed such demographic changes within a short time. According to the reports from Lilli Sippel, from the Berlin Institute for Population and Development, the demographic changes in Africa and the factors contributed to a reduced population growth rate was education. Educating women were one of the significant factors for reducing population growth rates. Educating women to help reduce the number of children and any investment made in educating women resulted in high returns when it comes to conservation. Even completing the primary level education provided good result.
The Role Of Conservation Organizations
The conservation organizations should :-
- Develop education strategies that work for the particular country with heavy youth population
- Team up with the respective family planning and reproductive health partners to make the project more effective. For example the Nature Conservancy is working in Tanzania with Pathfinder International, the human and reproductive health organization
- Develop appropriate strategies that target young women
- Fund the government programs for primary and secondary education for women to amplify the benefits of local conservation